has more than 27 years' experience of working as a lawyer in Saudi Arabia. Following pupillage at 3 Essex Court (now 20 Essex Street), he joined Coward Chance (now Clifford Chance) in 1982, and was seconded to the firm's then new associated Saudi Arabian office from 1983 to 1986. He subsequently worked with Thomas Miller & Co and Richards Butler (now Reed Smith) in London, and returned to Saudi Arabia in 1991. In 1993, he joined Abbas Ghazzawi Law Firm, which has since become Hatem Abbas Ghazzawi & Co. He has contributed to several publications and co-authored books on shipping law.