Contributed By Nagashima Ohno & Tsunematsu
The Act on Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures (Act No 117 of 1998, as amended) (amendments of 2008 and thereafter are not reflected) requires all business operators to endeavour to take actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
As a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, Japan achieved its commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 6% (below 1990 levels) in the first commitment period (2008-12) within the framework under the Kyoto Protocol. While Japan did not participate in the second commitment period (2013-20), Japan signed the Paris Agreement.
While submitting its Nationally Determined Contributions in accordance with the Paris Agreement that it will target a 26% reduction in its greenhouse gas emissions (below 2013 levels) by 2030, the Japanese government adopted the Plan of Global Warming Countermeasures in 2016 that refers to the same target. The Plan also states that Japan will target an 80% reduction in its greenhouse gas emissions (below 2013 levels) by 2050.