Contributed By Nysingh Advocaten-Notarissen N.V
The Authority for Consumers & Markets (ACM) is entrusted with the public enforcement of Article 6 of the Act. When conduct also affects trade between EU Member States, the ACM is empowered to enforce Article 101 as well. The ACM replaced the Dutch Competition Authority in April 2013. Its enforcement powers are governed mainly by the Act, the Establishment Act of the Authority for Consumers and Markets and the Dutch General Administrative Law Act. Furthermore, several regulations, decisions and policy guidelines on the application of Article 6 of the Act and the powers of the ACM have been issued by the Minister of Economic Affairs. In addition, the ACM has published several documents, such as guidelines and opinions regarding the application of the cartel prohibition and procedures.