Contributed By CMS Adonnino Ascoli & Cavasola Scamoni
As a general rule, directors are appointed by the shareholders/quotaholders while the attorneys-in-fact (who are usually employees of the company) are appointed by directors.
In the case of SPAs (and also in the case of SRLs, if so provided in their bylaws), if one or more directors cease to hold office, then the other directors shall appoint a new director by way of co-optation (cooptazione), provided that the majority of the members of the board of directors is composed by members appointed by the shareholders/quotaholders. The directors so appointed shall stay in office until the next shareholders'/quotaholders' meeting.
In SPAs, the maximum term of the mandate for directors is three years. In SRLs directors can also appointed for either a fixed term or an indefinite term. In both cases (SPAs and SRLs), directors can be re-appointed at the expiry of their mandate.
The mandate to the directors might cease upon one of the following events:
With reference to resignation, directors may resign at any time with immediate effect upon informing the board (and the statutory auditors), as long as the majority of the members of the board of directors remain in office. Otherwise, such resignation shall be effective upon the reconstitution of the majority of the board.