Contributed By Pérez-Llorca
The SCPA establishes a two-tier system, where decisions ruled by the Courts of First Instance are subject to appeal if one of the parties lodges an appeal.
Judgments ruled by the Provincial Courts may be subject to (i) an extraordinary appeal for breach of procedure and/or (ii) an appeal in a court of cassation for infringement of the law regarding the merits of the case. According to the temporary regime established in the SCPA, the Supreme Court is currently the pertinent body to hear both extraordinary mechanisms of review except for cassation for infringement or the law of an Autonomous Community, in which case the competent bodies are the High Courts of Justice of each Autonomous Community. Furthermore, once this temporary regime is no longer in force, the SCPA provides the High Courts of Justice of each Autonomous Community as the competent bodies to decide on the extraordinary appeal for breach of procedure.