Contributed By Pérez-Llorca
The “Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil” (Spanish Civil Procedure Act, SCPA) stipulates the jurisdictional requirements for a defendant to be subject to suit in Spain. Specifically, a defendant may act in court if it is a party to the judicial relationship or the matter in dispute. This requirement does not differ between civil courts. However, there are certain cases in which, by law, standing is attributed to a person other than the party.
The SCPA also stipulates that several persons may appear in court as defendants when the actions arise from a single claim.