Contributed By Signature Litigation LLP
In England and Wales there are a number of means for bringing collective litigation (ie, class actions). The most common methods are the use of group litigation orders (GLOs) and claims by representative claimants. GLOs are typically used to group together several claims where there is more than one claimant and the causes of action raise common or related issues of fact or law. These claims are then managed using specific procedural rules. Representative proceedings may be brought where more than one claimant has the same interest in the claim. The claim is begun by one or more persons as a representative of all others who have the 'same interest' in the claim.
It should be noted that there are separate procedures for bringing competition law claims before the Competition Appeal Tribunal (CAT). The Consumer Rights Act 2015, which came into force on 1 October 2015, expanded the CAT's powers, including the ability to order injunctive relief.