Contributed By Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH (Cologne)
In some sectors, such as logistics/supply chain, '4PL models' have been used in some projects. In the course of these, the provider does not necessarily perform the services on its own or by means of sub-contractors, but rather organises, manages and improves the structure a number of third-party providers. Joint-venture structures also continue to be used for complex outsourcing projects.
In regard to remuneration, there are still models in place according to which the provider receives a percentage share of the net sales of the customer. However, such share is strictly bound to certain assumptions and in the end may produce more uncertainty than intended.