Contributed By McGuireWoods LLP
There are four types of deeds used to convey property in Northern Virginia: a special warranty deed, a general warranty deed, a deed with “English Covenants of Title”, and a quitclaim deed. In a special warranty deed, the grantor warrants that neither the grantor nor anyone claiming by, through or under the grantor has done anything to defeat or diminish the grantee’s rights in the property. In a general warranty deed, the grantor generally warrants the title conveyed and promises to defend the title against the claims and demands of all persons, back to the beginning of time. If a deed contains “English Covenants of Title”, then the promises and representations set forth in Section 55-71 through 55-74 of the Virginia Code are incorporated into the deed. Lastly, in a quitclaim deed, the grantor makes no warranty or covenant of title, and merely conveys such title as the grantor has, if any. All such deeds are recorded in the land records of the county in which the property is located.