Contributed By McGuireWoods LLP
As subdivisions of the State, localities have the benefit of sovereign immunity. Appeals against a locality’s decision must be purely statutory in nature. Administrative decisions of a local zoning administration can typically be brought to a locality’s Board of Zoning Appeals, which is empowered under the Virginia Code to, in part, hear appeals of a zoning official’s decisions, determinations, orders, and requirements, per § 15.2-2311. Other matters, such as appeals of a local government’s zoning ordinance decision, may be heard by the Circuit Court.